BROWN FAMILY OF DUPLIN/ONSLOW COUNTY  NC

Created SEPT 2012

 by:  Wanda Karyn Bostic

Updated OCT 2014

 

Peter Brown (b1594 d 1633) : born in Dorking, England; arrived in America; as a single man,  as one of the 102 passengers on the Mayflower in 1620; accompanied by his fraternal grandfather John Brown and his maternal grandfather Gideon Mills.

Peter Brown was one of the 41 signers of the "Mayflower Compact". He initialized the settlement of New England. Peter   He expected to settle in the northern part of the "Colony of Virginia, near the mouth of the Hudson River; however, the Mayflower was forced to disembark in Cape Cod, Mass. due to severe weather conditions.  Peter was among the half of the 102 pilgrims that survived that first harsh winter in America.  Peter was present at the first "Thanksgiving" in America  feast in 1621.

In 1626 Peter married the widow, Mary Ford.  Mary was a passenger on the ship "Fortune" that arrived in 1621.  She had given birth to a son (John Ford) during the journey;  but her husband did not survive the trip.

Peter's brother;  John Brown of Duxbury arrived in America in 1632, on the ship "Lion"; along which his wife, Dorothy Kent.  John Brown (b1800), was  also baptized in Dorking England; but in America he settled in Duxbury, a settlement just north of Plymouth and also Watertown.

Peter was a carpenter and a machinist; his three brothers John, James, and Samuel Brown were weavers. (Skills that were acceptable to quality as a new colonist pilgrim)

Perhaps Peter's brother John Brown came to America because he learned how sick Peter was.  Peter died of the illness on Oct. 10, 1633; and is buried at "Cole's Hill", Plymouth Colony, Mass.  He was survived by three daughters (Mary, Priscilla and Rebecca Brown).  Once the three girls reached the age of seventeen; they were placed in the custody of their Uncle John Brown.  

John Brown was a Captain in the Connecticut Militia during the American Revolution and Gideon Mills was a Revolutionary solider.

John Brown married Ruth Mills and had son Owen Brown; born in Torrington, Conn..  

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1661 the ship "Portrait" sailed from Europe to America; carrrying the family of William Boddie (b 1633), and the family of John Brown Sr (b.1626).

William Boddie was a Captain in the English Navy; and was granted 6700 acres of land on "Cypress Creek", Isle of Wight, VA: for transporting colonist to America.  (He remained in the English Navy for 40 years, during the time of King Henry VIII)

He continues transporting colonist to America, and receiving additional land grants until 1665.

Besides dealing in land; he also dealt with "indentured servants", that were granted passage to the colonies in exchange for clearing land and planting tobacco on his plantation (ranging from five to seven years service).

John Brown, Sr (b1626) was born in England; he was an Indian trader, and a "Shipwright".  He and his son John Brown, JR. (b 1650); arrived in the Isle of Wight, VA in 1661 along with Boddie's first 60-70 colonist.

John Brown Jr. (b 1650) married  in 1670 to: William Boddie's daughter Mary Boddie (b 1653). John Jr. and Mary left Virginia in 1706. At that time they already had seven children.  (William Boddie's Will dated 1712 mentioned two of his grandson's: Thomas Brown, and William Brown)

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Source:  "Descendents of John Brown and Lydia Fountain"    by A. Kellon Maready

 John Brown . born 1750  married  Lydia Fountain born 1770. Onslow County, NC

 Lydia's father: Hosea Fountain of "Teaches Corner" acquired a land grant in 1773.  Hosea Fountain also owned a MILL on that land.  The land is located on the county lines of Duplin and Onslow Counties, NC;  where HWY 111  intersects with Fountaintown Road,  Fountaintown, NC.   Just north of HWY 111 you will find the "Back Swamp". 

 John Brown, SR (.born 1750);  became known as "Juniper John".  Upon his marriage to Lydia Fountain.  John Brown purchased 300 acres of land in 1784 from John Parker; located at "Faggy Run" on "Back Swamp" (Duplin County NC Deed Book N page 288). 

John Brown Sr. divided up his land  to his three sons: 

Felix (b.1785), Howell (b 1790), John Brown Jr. (b 1792); located  on Cypress Creek Road on "Back Swamp"., Onslow Co.,NC 

John Brown Jr. (b 1792 d 1883); his last child; daughter (Linda  E. Brown, born 1862, died 1936); by his third wife (Jane Pickett).  

Linda E. Brown married John F. Craft ((born 1853, died 1934 Onslow Co., NC).

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   (Earliest History of the Brown Family in America:  Recorded in the Legends of America book called "Kansas State History" Vol. 1)

                                                 HISTORY OF THE BROWN FAMILY of NY, CT, OH, and SC

John Brown .(b 1728); married Hannah Owen (b 1740) and family were residents of North Elba, New York's "Adirondack Mtns".  They were religious Puritanism "Quakers"; with great love for mankind no matter what color their skin was.  The believed all men are equal and deserved to be equally treated, and equally free; and raised their son:  Owen Brown in the same manner. 

Owen Brown  (born abt. 1760); married Ruth Mills and are the parents of John Brown, .(b 1800). In 1805 Owen Brown moved his family to Hudson, Ohio; where his son John Brown grew to manhood.  John worked as a currier for his father's tannery and help work his father's farm.  At age 20, John Brown studied surveying and moved to Crawford Co., PA where he lived until 1835. The depression hit in 1837; he had already been married twice and had a very large family.  The depression caused them to moved to Portage County, Ohio.  In 1846 John worked on commission buying and selling wool in Springfield, Mass.  After efforts to drive up the price of wool failed; John went bankrupt. A friend of John Brown:          Gerrit Smith gave him land in the Adirondack Mountains, near North Elba, NY; where he lived until 1851. 

John Brown . (b May 9, 1800) became known as an abolitionist that was later given the name "Osawatomie Brown", and "Ole John Brown".   North Elba, NY, and shows up in the census of 1850.  Johhn was raised in the Quaker faith; and at age 16; he joined the Congressional Church of Hudson, Ohio.   John's mother (Ruth Mills) died when he was eight. For reasons unknown; John spent time on a plantation;  there the master treated him very well because he was a white boy.  John witnessed first hand how the Master of the plantation grossly mistreated his slaves.  John had become very close friends with an eight year old slave boys; and witnessed the Master beating him brutally with a shovel. The memory about the "poor child without parents to protect him"; haunted him throughout his life.  At the young age of eight; John Brown swore an "eternal war against slavery".

John Brown was the father of twenty children:

John Brown married wife #1 in 1820: Dianthe Lust that bore him seven children before she died twelve years later  in 1832).    Dianthe Lust was the mother of: John (b1821 Ohio), Jason (b1823 Ohio), Frederick (b1827 PA), Ruth (b 1829 married Henry Thompson).  (three other children died very young)

 John Brown . wife #2: Mary Ann Little Day  (b 1815 of Meadville, PA)  Mary was the mother of: Watson (b1835), Soloman (b 1836), Oliver (b 1838). (It is reported that Mary Ann bore him thirteen children; TEN of which died young)

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Description of what was going on in America in 1854:

May 30, 1854; the prospects of slavery abolition was spreading across the nation.  The US Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act; creating the territory as "Free (of slavery) States".  This act repealed the 1820 "Missouri Compromise" that had prohibited slavery  in "Louisiana Purchase" territory ; which left the question of whether Kansas and Nebraska would be come slave "Free States" up to the people within those states.

Emigrants from the north and south poured into Kansas; which was "opened for settlement".  

Pro-slavery families settled in east Kansas.

Anti-slavery families settled in north Kansas.

Although the Federal Constitution demands the abolition of all American slaves; both state wide and nation wide; it had no "means to enforce" this law.  The result would be left to the individuals of the state of Kansas.

1851:  US Fugitive Slave Law went into effect. 

1854:  Kansas-Nebraska Bill passed;  "Free-Land allowing settlers to make their own choices about slavery"..

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Browns participation in "Bleeding Kansas":

In the spring of 1854 the following sons of "Owen Brown";    John Jr, Jason, Owen, Salmon, and Frederick; left  for Kansas; and settled near "North Middle Creek" in 1855. They went to  Kansas Territory to join the fight against slavery.  "None of them ever owned a cabin in Kansas or exercised ownership of one foot of Kansas soil".  North Middle Creek was part of  "Pottawatomie" region.  John Jr and Jason were both married, and brought their families with them.  Jason and wife Ellen; lost their son Austin when he contracted cholera on the journey.  Shortly after their arrival; John Jr. wrote his father (Owen), a letter asking for rifles to defend them self against the Pro-Slavery Ruffians or the bordering Missouri..  

Prior to the conflicts in Kansas; Owen Brown had been preparing to move his family in Ohio, BACK to North Elba, NY; but turned his attention to the abolition of slavery  at the "Convention of Radical Political Abolitionist" held in Syracuse, NY in April 1855.

John Brown Jr. was elected as a delegate to the slave free state of Kansas; Topeka Legislature Jan. 15, 1856.

When the delegates met in March 1856; President Franklin Pierce spoke out against the slave free state; and John Brown was the only delegate there that opposed slavery.  Judge Sterling G. Cato declared "Pottawatomie" a Pro-Slavery district.  The "anti-slavery" locals decided to form a militia called the "Pottawatomie Rifles" in May 1856; headed up by Captain John Brown. to protect them self from the attacks of the  Pro-Slavery border ruffians.   They decided a blow against pro-slavery was needed. 

Captain John Brown was a witness to the "Pottawatomie Massacre" in 1856; where he and his followers were accursed by proI-slavery ruffians, of murdering five pro-slavery men in Kansas.  This massacre was a "retaliation" by the anti-slavery supporters of the destruction of their city of Lawrence, Kansas ; Pro-Slavery forces had looted the nearby town of Lawrence, Kansas;  destroying the "anti-slavery" printing presses, and burning down the Hotel, and killing several local residence.

James Doyle of Mosquito Creek, KS; and his two sons William and Drury Doyle had all been deputized by Judge Sterling G. Cato to destroy the anti-slavery movement in Kansas.  May 24, 1856 the three Doyle men were awakened from their sleep; by Cap. John Brown and his followers; and taken outside their cabin and executed.  

The actions of John Brown  and his followers (Pottawatomie Massacre); left James Doyle's widow "MAHALA" with 3 young sons and a daughter under the ages of sixteen to wonder around trying to find a way to support the five of them.  

I wonder if their is a connection to the Felix Brown (born 1791)that  married a woman named "Mahala" (born 1797), in Duplin County, NC.   Could it be possible that the surviving Brown's;  returned from Kansas with the widow and the younger children of  Mahala Doyle?  (So far no one in North Carolina has been able to identify Felix's with "Mahala's" last name.)

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 John Brown wrote a biological  sketch book in 1857; and two years before his execution, he sent the book  to his fellow abolitionist George L. Stearns.  The book detailed his boyhood experiences,  during the time when America was going through the War of 1812.  At that time; John as a young boy, was driving cattle across the plains to the Army for his father (Owen).

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June 1856 John Jr. and his brother Jason Brown were both very distressed by what they had condoned and witness at the massacre.  John Brown Jr. resigned his capacity as Captain of the "Pottawatomie Rifles" . He and Jason were both in a great deal of anguish.  (Raised as "Quakers", they believed all men are created equal and were vehemently "anti-slavery"; however, they were also devoted Christians that did not believe in killing; they were being "torn" between the right and the wrong of their cause.).

 June 1856:  John Brown, his family members, and friends joined Captain Samuel Shore to march to "Black Jack Springs, Missouri" ;(this battle was a major contributing factor that lead up to the American Civil War).  During that summer John Brown spent tending to his wounded family members: his sons Salmon & Owen Brown; and (his daughter Ruth's husband) Henry Thompson; all three had been wounded in the Battle of Black Jack Springs. (Referred to as "Bleeding Kansas")

In early August; John Jr. took several members of his family to Nebraska (Free-State), where he left them to return to Kansas with his son Frederick.  He prepared a "Covenant" for he and his men to volunteer as the "Kansas Regulars"; for the maintenance of rights and liberties of the slave free state citizens of Kansas.

August 25, 1856: (Skirmish between anti-slavery and pro-slavery forces in Osawatomie, Kansas).   150 pro-slavery border ruffians attacked the town of Osawatomie where the ruffians plundered houses and stole some horses; just as they had done in Lawrence, Kansas.  On  Aug. 30, 1856.  John Brown led the anti-slavery forces to the SW edge of Osawatomie, Kansas and engaged in Battle with the pro slavery forces.  Frederick Brown, son of  John; was shot and killed Aug. 30, 1856.

John Brown answered to the "Chairman of Massachusetts Legislature" in Boston on Feb. 18, 1857 (concerning the "Pottawatomie Massacre"): He testified, giving the following statement:

 "Col. Buford and his South Carolina followers were there in Lawrence, Kansas; and employed me as their "Surveyor"; assuming that I was pro-slavery, since nearly all surveyors are pro-slavery.  They told me all their plans to drive off all "Free-State" (anti-slavery) men in Kansas; and make the territory of Kansas a slave state.  I took that information before my followers known as the "Pottawatomie Rifles"; and we decided to answer their attack on our town of Lawrence, KS with the attack now known as the "Pottawatomie Massacre".  (This statement makes it clear that soldiers from the north, east, and the south traveled to the controversy's of  Kansas; traveling through many states in the US during the pre-Civil War incidences)

John's son Salmon's Brown's testimony of that "Pottawatomie Massacre":  "The order to kill was issued by Henry Thompson. Salmon Brown,  Owen Brown, and Henry  Thompson; were the ones that had slain the three Doyle men. Even though John Brown did NOT commit the slayings, he did witness it and acknowledged his approval as Captain.  John, Jr. and his brother Jason were both arrested for a short time.  

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John Brown  had made many friends among the "Quakers" in the States in which he had lived : New York, Ohio and Iowa. (Just to name a few):

William, Dauphine and Henry Thompson were neighbors of the Browns of Elba, NY.  Henry Thompson married John Brown's daughter Ruth Brown.  Henry, William, and Dauphine Thompson followed John Brown  to Kansas to fight against slavery. 

Brown found encouragement and support for his anti-slavery cause in a Quaker settlement  in the fall of 1856;   "Peedee" Settlement,  in Cedar County, Iowa.  Col. Clarke and Jesse Brown supported his cause by transporting fugitive slaves north to freedom in Canada known as the "Underground Railroad". 

Quaker friends in Tabor, Iowa would store all the weapons and ammunition sent by the "Kansas Aid Society" to support the anti-slavery cause. They were stored at Jonas Jones's house.

 Many of his Quaker friends donated money directly to John Browns wife, three young daughters, and daughter-in-laws left behind in Elba, NY; so they could survive during John's struggles through the Kansas turmoil just prior to the Civil War.

Other Quaker friends funded military supplies, food, shelter, and tools for battle to support John Brown's fight against slavery.

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Jan. 15, 1858; John Sr. left North Elba, NY for Andover, Ohio to visit his eldest son John, Jr   John Jr were still shaken up from the "Bleeding Kansas" Black Jack Springs, Missouri incident in 1856; (where he had lost many friends, and two sons).  John Jr. declined to participate in the Harper's Ferry, VA raid but three of his sons: Oliver, Watson, and Owen went with their grandfather "ole John Brown" into Va.    From Ohio they went to Rochester NY and hid in Frederick Douglas's house; since they had received word that a Federal Marshall was on their trail. (Frederick Douglas was a "free slave, and long time friend and confident of Ole John Brown).

Old John Brown had many Scotch-Irish farmer's as allies in the Allegany Mountains.  The mountain people had nothing in common with the wealthy plantation owners; that referred to them as "Hillbillies".  These allies known as the "Secret Societies"; assisted  John Brown's fight against slavery in the mountains of VA, NC, SC, GA, and TN;  discouraging men from enlisting in the Confederate Army and joining the Union Army.   They raided plantations and led slaves to freedom in Canada, known as the "Underground Railroad". 

John Jr., Henry Thompson, Soloman Brown,  and Jason Brown did; did not actually go to the "Harpers Ferry, VA" raid; however they stayed behind and acted as a recruiters of men,  for supplies, weapons, and financial support.  They solicited support in Bedford, Chambersburg, Gettysburg and Uniontown; as well as assisting the slaves across the borders of Canada to gain their freedom.

Ole John spent years planning his attack against slavery; and even spent some time in Europe studying their military fort facilities.  John and his followers started their journey to VA but were detained in Springdale, Iowa by bad weather; that forced them to spend the winter with their Quaker friends in Iowa. 

Aug. 1859; Brown moved his followers closer to Harper's Ferry, VA; and rented the "Kennedy Farmhouse".  The house was located five miles outside Maryland.  To create the appearance of "a family"; John had his daughters ANN and MARTHA come to the house to stay as "housekeepers"; hoping to draw attention and suspicion away from the farm.

Oct.  1859; Ole John Brown incited slaves and fellow abolitionist, to assist in the massacre at "Harper's Ferry", Va.;  John lost two of his grand sons Oliver Brown, and Watson Brown.  He also lost his friends from Elba, NY  William Thompson and Dauphine Thompson.

Ole John Brown and twenty-one men attacked and captured the Federal Arsenal at Harpers' Ferry, VA; in an effort to destroy the American slave system in the south. Col. Robert E. Lee's forces battered down the door of the arsenal and captured John Brown.  Ten of John's men were killed, seven were captured and hanged, and five escaped.

Senator James M. Mason of VA headed the "Mason Committee during an "Official Investigation" of the raid.

Ole John Brown,  was imprisoned  in the Union Prison in Charleston, VA 1859. He wrote a letter to Gov. Wise of VA, and a letter to Lydia Maria Child (sympathetic abolitionist); pleading for the support of his wife and three young daughters at home, and two daughter in laws at home whose husbands had fallen near him (his daughter Ruth, the widow of Henry Thompson); and a middle aged son who has been crippled since birth; currently residing at North Elba, NY.   None of my family are able to earn a living  or support them self.   

Old John Brown was executed for his involvement in the raid at Harper's Ferry, VA on Dec. 2, 1859. His body was carried back to North Elba, NY where he was buried in the Brown Family Cemetery.

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Although there is no concrete evidence that undoubtedly connects my John Brown lineage with the "Bleeding Kansas" John Brown; there are several very "unusual" consequences that led me to believe there is a connection: 

The book written by A. Kellon Maready can't identify the Origin Roots of  the "older John Brown of Duplin County, NC; Old John Brown married Lydea Fountain; daughter of Hosea Fountain, that received a NC land grand in 1777 on the Duplin and Onslow County Borders.  The land grant is  located outside of Beulaville, NC off of Hwy 111 at the intersection of Fountaintown Road.  The group of Fountains, Brown's, and Crafts that lived on the "BACK SWAMP" had several of the family member's names; whose prior existence of demise can NOT be answered.  No one knows a thing about Frederick Brown,  or Felix Brown's wife Mahala.  Little is known what happened to all John Brown's sons.   What is certain that the "Bleeding Kansas" Browns traveled to the "FREE SLAVE STATES" to live. They and their friends took an active roll in coming from Ohio, PA, NY, Iowa, and many other states to fight against slavery.

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John Henry Brown, 69th NY Division of the Union Army; was listed among the captives of the Civil War's  and released in 1862 form the only NC Confederate Civil War Prison in Salisbury, NC;     (listed in the NY Tribune  POW List published  in 1862.)      Is it possible that this  John Brown  received a land grant in Duplin, Co., NC?

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See pictures and stories available at www.wvculture.org/history

Source: 

            The biography of "John Brown". Written by James Redpath 1872

            The "Collected Letters of John Brown"   Collected by Franklin Sandborn 1891

            The "Detailed Account of the Harper's Ferry Raid"  written by Richard Hinton 1894

            The "Study of Collected Letters of John Brown" by W. B. Dubois 1909         

            The biography of "John Brown";  "The Liberator" by Oswald Villard 1910

             "Descendents of John Brown and Lydia Fountain" by. A. Kellon Maready 1995

             "Legends of America":  Kansas State History, Vol. 1

 

 

Written; compiled, posted by:  Wanda Karyn Bostic   September 2012, Updated October 2014

Email: bluebird052@verizon.net